posted by www.equatorialguineaonline.com
Head of State of Equatorial Guinea: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
The President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea occupies the Head of State, embodies the National Unity and represents the entirety of the Nation. He is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forcesof State Security. He is elected through direct, secret and universal suffrage by a relative majority of validly issued votes for a mandate of seven renewable years.
Among the duties of the President of the Republic are found that of calling and presiding over the Council of Ministers, appointing the Prime Minister and the members of the Government, approving the laws issued by the House of Representatives of the People, dissolving the Parliament, etc.
Since August 3, 1979, the Presidency of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea has been occupied by H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. His intervention in overthrowing the President Francisco Macías, during whose dictatorship the country suffered a period of internal isolation, crimes and massive exiles, led him to assume the first Presidency in 1979. Since then Equatorial Guinea has enjoyed the most productive period of peace, stability and development in its history, being today one of the countries with the highest per capita income of Africa and one of those that has the most advanced and modern infrastructures.
Biography of President Obiang
He was born on June 5, 1942 in the town of Akoakam-Esangui, district of Mongomo, in the midst of a numerous family. In 1950 he began his studies and in 1958 he entered the “Cardenal
Cisneros” School of Ebebiyin where he was baptized in the Catholic faith. In the same year he enrolled in the La Salle Center of Bata where he studied Labor Administration Degree and where he occupied the position of Monitor of the Center.
In 1963 he was selected to take a course of Cadet of the Territorial Guard and months later, to enter the General Military Academy of Zaragoza. Two years later he was commissioned as Second Lieutenant of the Territorial Guard of Equatorial Guinea, being assigned first to Mikomeseng and later to Bata and to Malabo (formerly Santa Isabel).
From that time his career was driven by continual promotions: in 1969 he was named Lieutenant of the National Guard; in 1970, Director-General of Planning and Procurement of the Ministry of National Defense. In 1971, Capitan; in 1975, Secretary-General of the Ministry of the Popular Armed Forces and in 1979, Deputy Minister of the Popular Armed Forces.
On August 3, 1979, accompanied by a group of officers, H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo led the revolt that some soldiers undertook against the horrific situation of oppression and violence that was taking place with the president at that time, Francisco Macías. After this event, referred to from that time as the Coup for Freedom, on 18 August he was elected President of the Supreme Military Council by unanimous decision of the other officers. That same month he signed the Decree pardoning all the political prisoners and a General Amnesty to try to get the thousands of exiled persons that remained outside it to return to the country.
In 1987 H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo founded the first political party of the country’s new democratic era: the PDGE (acronym in Spanish for Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea). In the first presidential elections of 1989, he was re-elected to occupy the Presidency of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea as candidate of the only party at that time. In 1996 he was re-elected again in the first pluralist elections of the new democratic stage. In 2002, he again obtained electoral success by a very wide majority.
In the elections of November 29, 2009, the PDGE obtained an overwhelming victory with a percentage of 95.37% and more than 260,000 votes in elections marked by a strong mobilization of the electorate that voted massively, as recognized by international observers, in an atmosphere of calm, discipline and dignity. The International Electoral Observation Mission of ECCAS also stated that “freedom, transparency and credibility of the voting give particular dignity to the people of Equatorial Guinea”.
At present, the President is carrying out incessant political activities, with continual official visits outside the country that have allowed him to strengthen the good relations between Equatorial Guinea and numerous nations in recent years: China, United States, Morocco, Spain, Brazil, Cuba, Argentina, etc. Despite rumors that emerge once in a while from outside Guinea, at 67 years of age he has enviable health and practices sports daily. He unites long experience in governing with the same enthusiasm and vitality as he had thirty years ago.
In addition to his military career, H.E. has obtained a Law Degree from the National Distance Education University (UNED of Spain and Doctor Honoris Causa from the National University of Equatorial Guinea (UNGE). He recently approved the establishment of the International UNESCO-Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Award for Research in Life Sciences.
The First Lady
Constancia Mangue Nsue de Obiang, wife of President Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, is the First Lady of the country. Her role as consort and her continuous social activities have made her a fundamental figure for the evolution of women of Equatorial Guinea.
She was born in 1952 in the town of Angong, near Mongomo, and studied in the school run by nuns in Bata.
In 1985 she created the Equatorial Guinean Child Aid Committee (Canige), a non-governmental, apolitical and non-profit institution of which she is Honorary Chairwoman and through which she has carried out innumerable social works. For years she has personally been in charge of seeing that many children with especially complicated clinical cases receive medical attention even outside the country. The Canige also dedicates special attention to the fight against juvenile delinquency and has promoted the creation of the teaching centers of María Jesús Oyarregui (in memory of the mother superior of the St. Theresa’s convent where the First Lady studied), and the Nana Mangue of Malabo.
The First Lady of Equatorial Guinea also belongs to the National Committee of the Fight against Aids, is honorary Vice Chairman of the Association for National Solidarity for the Disabled (Assonam) and holds similar positions in different social associations of Africa, such as Mission for Peace of the First Ladies of Central Africa. She has participated in numerous international meetings on women’s rights and the fight to improve with rights of the most vulnerable layers of society and was elected Doctor Honoris Causa by the Inter-American University of Humanistic Sciences of Buenos Aires. Constancia Mangue de Obiang is a graduate of the Martin Luther King University School of Teacher Training.