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President of Equatorial Guinea announces major changes in view of the implementation of the Basic Law Reform

posted by – March 31st, 2012

The speech that H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo gave to all the attendees at the Opening Sessions of the Parliament of 2012 was full of important announcements. The President informed the attendees that the processes for the constituting new organizations would begin, as well as the implementation of changes approved in the Constitutional Reform. For this, the Head of State also expressed the advisability of the current Head of Government to first present his resignation, along with his government team.
The Plenary Ordinary Meeting of the Parliament of Equatorial Guinea for the year 2012 became the appropriate occasion for the President of the nation to submit important news, in view of the functioning of the principal State bodies in the coming months. His announcements were, without doubt, the news of the day.

The speech of the Head of State took place immediately following the words of the President of the House of People’s Representatives, Angel Serafin Seriche Dougan, who extended his congratulations and that of the entire Parliament to H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, for the international support in the controversy over the UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea prize. Seriche Dougan presented an outline of the main topics to be discussed this year in the House, among which the most important are the General Reform of the Labor Law in Equatorial Guinea. The President of the Parliament made ​​special reference to the problem of companies that do not hire local employees, thus depriving them of the opportunity to develop at the same time as the country.

In turn, the President of the nation began by recalling the importance, in State functioning, of the House of Representatives “which must provide to the other branches and to the State management the necessary elements to adopt policies and strategies that are advisable at each moment”.

But the interest of the session significantly increased when H.E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo referred to the significant changes to be carried out in the coming months: “This first ordinary period of sessions which is organized in the context of the revision of the Basic Law should be seen as a historic and transitional encounter because it must lead us to the Constitution of all the Bodies that are restructured by the new Basic Law, as well as the organization of the State and the System of Government.”

The President also recalled, among other factors of the Constitutional Reform, that the new Law gives greater attribution of responsibilities to the Executive Bodies of Central State Administration, and also stated that “The Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, within its responsibility to promote the legislative initiative, and without prejudice to the competences of Parliament in this matter, has initiated actions aimed at providing the necessary draft laws, statutes and regulations which give life to the new powers and bodies established by the adopted Basic Law.”

However, the President recalled that, while some provisions of the new Constitution can be applied immediately, without modifying the existing regulations, others need prior adjustment: “In this regard and in relation to the Prime Minister of the Government, this figure can be provided without breaking the Law, but the current Head of Government, under the new law, must first submit his resignation to the Government along with that of his Governing Team, so that the Head of State may fully assume the Executive Power, since the new Prime Minister is only the coordinator of Government action.”

– “With regard to Vice President of the Republic, whose nomination must be endorsed beforehand by the House of Representatives and by the Senate, we believe it is obvious that his constitutional powers are reserved until the empowered institutions perform their duties to endorse the appointment of this Body, given that the House of Representatives and the Senate have not yet been established, whose legal provisions for their formation are in process of being presented to Parliament.”

Similarly, the President gave other details of how the operation of the State would work while the approved changes in the Reform of the Basic Law are being applied. For example, he indicated that the current House of People’s Representatives may temporarily assume the functions of Parliament and of the Senate.

He also said that the Ministry of Planning would take over the functions of the National Council for Economic and Social Development, and the Minister of Finance would do the same with the functions of the Court of Auditors. The President also requested celerity to the Government, the Parliament and the bodies authorized to conclude the study of concerning measures, so that all the bodies provided by the new Basic Law can be constituted as soon as possible.


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